Posted tagged ‘action’

Vibratory conveyor / Oscillating Conveyor

September 8, 2011


01-vibrating conveyor- vibrating conveyor systems-vibrating conveyor parts-shaker conveyor-inertia conveyor-reciprocating conveyor-oscillating conveyor

A vibratory conveyor essentially consists of an open or closed trough or pipe, generally horizontal but not always so, and which is elastically supported on a base structure or suspended from an overhead structure by springs. The trough or pipe is caused to oscillate at high frequency and small amplitude by an appropriate drive mechanism. Vibratory conveyors are commonly employed in industry to carry a wide variety of particulate and granular types of bulk materials. The fundamental action of the vibrating troughs on the bulk material loaded on it is to throw the particles upward in the forward direction so that the material performs series of short hopping movement and propagates at a certain speed.

Oscillating conveyors are utilized to convey sand or other granular particles at a desired rate. The conveyor is generally placed under a vibrating shakeout or a grid to eliminate direct handling of hot sand by the belt conveyor. In the process of reciprocation, the oscillating conveyor cools the hot sand to some extent which increases the life of the return sand conveyor belt.

An important characteristic of vibratory conveyor is the ease with which the flow rate of the conveyed material can be controlled by adjusting the amplitude and or frequency of the vibration. This particular aspects of such conveyor has led to the wide spread application of vibrating trough as feeders employed to supply material in controlled amount to various machines. When the trough is replaced by a screen, the vibratory conveyor may serve as vibrating screen, which has wide application in various industries. A distinction must be made between feeders and conveyors. A feeder is used as a discharge device under a storage hopper or bin and is subjected to varying head loads. A conveyor requires regulated feed rate and must not operate under varying head load conditions.

Construction details of Oscillating Conveyor:

01-vibrating conveyor parts-oscillating conveyor design-oscillatory motion design-vibrating trough conveyors-vibrating oscillatory machine-vibrating machine

01-vibrating conveyor parts-vibrating conveyor design-vibrating conveyor components-vibrating feeders-vibrating machine-vibrating motor-horizontal motion vibrating bed-motion of vibrating systems

Pilot to Mechanical engineer-the story so far.

August 23, 2011

“What do you want to become when you grow up, a doctor or an engineer?” asked my grandpa when I was a four year old. A question that evolved from a typical malayali mindset. Most of the mallu kids are taught to reply either doctor or engineer if somebody asks. My answer was pilot. A couple of trips to Trivandrum airport and my favorite toy aeroplane might have struck the spark in me. The ‘pilot bug’ gradually died down as it was replaced by police,inspired by some action movies.


I imitating a policeman ( Cops never aim & salute simultaneously :-P)

Quite ironically another movie which I saw when I was 7-8 years old, made me quit the desire to become a policeman. The movie was ‘Nanma niranjavan sreenivasan’ ( a Malayalam movie, Jayaram starrer). The hero of the movie was a police constable and in one particular incident the hero had to guard a deadbody, alone throughout a night. The next morning he was shivering with fever. That scene made an impact on my ‘weak heart’.

I fell in love with science @ school in 3rd or 4th standard. I dreamt of becoming a scientist . I stood odd in my class when teachers asked about ambition. The funniest part of ‘scientist story’ was that I did some experiments hoping serendipity.I still remember trying to burn various shrubs and grasses to discover biofuels when the hyped story of Ramar Pillai’s biopetrol was at its peak. Though I wanted to become a scientist, my mind wandered between astronomy, biology and geology.

I wrote the entrance exam for admission in Sainik school (9th std) and got shortlisted for the interview and medical checkup. To be frank I was more interested in the discipline , the sports and games and the huge campus, than becoming a defense personnel. The ‘scientist bug’ didn’t leave me. It was time for the interview and I had to strike a balance between ‘scientist’ and ‘defense personnel’. The interview panel consisted of three people, all of them defense staff. They shot the ‘ambition question’ and my answer was scientist in defense sector. They asked ” what do you mean ?” . I answered ” just like A.P.J Abdul Kalam”. Pokhran II and my interview happened in the same week and I went not stop about fission, fusion etc. They asked “what will you do if you don’t become a scientist?”. I replied ” I will join the defense services”. It didn’t convince them and finally I didn’t make it. They were interested in future soldiers, not scientists.

My grandpa’s question again came back when I finished 10th standard. This time from my parents. I changed my mind to engineer from scientist, but my parents wanted me to become a doctor( guess they were attracted by the social status and moreover my grandpa’s wish). I was in a reluctant mood , wrote the medical entrance and ended up in failure. After that I went for 1 year medical entrance coaching at a reputed coaching center . I neither gave 100% commitment to it nor dishearten my parents by saying a ‘no’ to the medical stream. I couldn’t get enough rank the second time also. The truth was that I often went in a ‘stealth mode’ practicing some maths problems which helped me fetch a fair rank in engineering entrance exam. Now there weren’t many options left other than joining bachelors degree course in engineering. I never blame my parents for the ‘lost’ 1 year, In fact I say I am responsible for the good or the bad that happen in my life.I should have taken a bold step. People (friends, relatives etc.) call it ‘lost’ year , but I never felt so and moreover learnt a couple of lessons in life.

Now it was time to choose the branch of engineering. The general trend was choosing electronics and communication . I was also in the mood until I got enlightened about Mechanical engineering by Dr. S. Jose , my relative and academic guru. Himself being a Mechanical engineer and Asst Professor, threw insight to the various aspects of mechanical engineering and I never thought twice to choose my stream. Mechanical engineering, being a ‘broad’ stream of engineering rendered me numerous options to choose- energy sector,oil and gas ,automobiles, aeronautical, aerospace,thermal.

I never had an interest in computer programming. I still remember, how tough the C++ programming was in 3rd semester for me, just managed to fetch a pass in that subject. 90% of the companies which came to my college for campus recruitment were IT companies. All the placement activities started in 7th semester. Though I wasn’t interested, just for the sake of attending tests and interviews, I participated in the drives. 3-4 companies came and I didn’t manage to get 1. Finally I got a job in a reputed IT company .I never wanted to join that company and told my intentions to parents. They advised it will be utter foolishness if I don’t join the IT firm, without having another job in hand. I was mentally preparing for a fight with them, thought of firing all guns to get a job in core field. I continued writing exams and attending interviews, and got a job in one of the fields which I dreamt of getting into- Oil & gas industry.My parents were happier than me. Thanks to all. Presently, striving hard to achieve my goals, and will be writing a part 2 to this post some years later. 🙂

MANUAL CHARGING CONTROL

August 23, 2011

01-wind up battery-crank up battery-battery storage technology-hand powered spinning re-charger battery

The Wind up battery is the endless independent source of power. It is the only tool you will need to charge your mobile phone batteries, notebook batteries, GPS or any other modern gadget which is in this information-packed world essential life companion. The use of wind up battery charger is easy and being that it is totally portable and independent power supply, it is a valuable part of accessory of every trekker’s, backpacker’s, traveler’s adventures journey. It is also an essential back up power supply for any critical emergency events when there is no power supply available nearby.


How does it work?

01-wind up battery- operation-working-twisting clockwise or anticlockwise makes charging

The wind up battery mechanism uses internal generator, which is usually hand-powered by spinning the handle on the device. The hand motion, in which AC alternator is driven by a crank converts human mechanical energy and generates the electrical power, by spinning magnets past a coil of wire, which is stored in battery. To charge the device, utilizing the wind up mechanism the hand crank needs to be pulled out of the folded position, and spun in clockwise/counterclockwise direction. After some time of cranking, when the device is charged the handle is folded into position and the device is available to use.

There are also foot powered wind up battery devices, which generate power and self charge by human energy through step action. These are able to jump-start a boat or automobile battery, and power a wide array of instruments and accessories and present a valuable and versatile tool for power supply.

The Devices using wind up mechanism

There are several devices on market which utilize the wind up mechanism. It can be used as a wind up battery charger, wind up flashlight, wind up radio, wind up clock, mp3 player, or a larger electricity supply unit. Usually there are hand cranks folded into the devices, which can be pulled out when needed. The wind up devices are a great way to promote environmentally clean green energy source as the power is derived through windup mechanism which efficiently harvests the human energy and converts it to electricity.

If you are an environmentally conscious consumer who likes to travel and have a power charger available for his electric devices and an emergency power supply then the wind up battery is the device to look for.

01-exploded view of wind up battery-wind up mechanism

PLASTIC-2

August 23, 2011

What are Plastics?

Plastics are a material that is made up mainly of macromolecules, that can be made fluid by the action of heating and pressurizing, and that can be processed into end products with any useful shape you want to make.

01-plastic products-plastic household products-Chemical-in-Plastics-to-Cause-Breast-Cancer

Classification of Plastics

Plastics can be classified into:

1. Thermoplastics and Thermo sets
2. Amorphous Thermoplastics and Crystalline Thermoplastics
3. Commodity Plastics and Engineering Plastics

Thermoplastics Vs Thermo sets


01-thermo plastics vs thermosets-difference between thermo plastics and thermosets

Thermoplastics Elastomer

• TPE – thermoplastic elastomer
• Resemble rubber at room temperature
• Can be melt-processed like other thermoplastics
• Become elastic like rubber when cooled

Amorphous Thermoplastics Vs. Crystalline Thermoplastics

01-Amorphous thermoplastics-crystalline thermoplastics

Thermo sets Classifications

01-thermo sets-thermo sets classifications- thermo setting plastics-examples of thermo sets

Commodity Plastics Vs Engineering Plastics

01-difference between commodity plastics and engineering plastics-examples of commodity plastics, examples of engineering plastics

PLASTIC-2

August 23, 2011

What are Plastics?

Plastics are a material that is made up mainly of macromolecules, that can be made fluid by the action of heating and pressurizing, and that can be processed into end products with any useful shape you want to make.

01-plastic products-plastic household products-Chemical-in-Plastics-to-Cause-Breast-Cancer

Classification of Plastics

Plastics can be classified into:

1. Thermoplastics and Thermo sets
2. Amorphous Thermoplastics and Crystalline Thermoplastics
3. Commodity Plastics and Engineering Plastics

Thermoplastics Vs Thermo sets


01-thermo plastics vs thermosets-difference between thermo plastics and thermosets

Thermoplastics Elastomer

• TPE – thermoplastic elastomer
• Resemble rubber at room temperature
• Can be melt-processed like other thermoplastics
• Become elastic like rubber when cooled

Amorphous Thermoplastics Vs. Crystalline Thermoplastics

01-Amorphous thermoplastics-crystalline thermoplastics

Thermo sets Classifications

01-thermo sets-thermo sets classifications- thermo setting plastics-examples of thermo sets

Commodity Plastics Vs Engineering Plastics

01-difference between commodity plastics and engineering plastics-examples of commodity plastics, examples of engineering plastics

METALLURGY INTERVIEW

August 22, 2011

01-interview-interview questions-placement paper-interview questions and answers-interview tips-company or firm - interview skills-interview preparation

  • What is the composition of Grey cast iron Grade 20?

Carbon      : 3.10 – 3.25%         Silicon : 1.75-1.95%    Manganese : 0.50 – 0.7%Sulphur : 0.05 – 0.07%       Phosporous : 0.04 – 0.07%

  • What is the composition of Cast iron Grade 35?

Carbon=2.90-3.10%Manganese=0.60-1.00%Silicon=1.50-1.90%Sulphur=0.10%

Phosphorus=0.15%  Chromium=0.30%        Molybdenum=0.30%   Cupper=0.25%

  • What are the super alloys?

Super alloys is an alloy that exhibits excellent mechanical strength and creep resistance at high temperatures, having good surface finish.

  • Why the Super alloys used for land-based turbines?

Super alloys are the top most alloys used for their excellent strength and corrosion resistance as well as oxidation resistance. No other alloys can compete with these grade.

  • What kinds of NDT methods are available?

1.Visual Inspection

2.Microscopy inspection

3.Radiography Test

4.Dye Penetrate technique

5.Ultrasonic testing

6.Magnetic Particle inspection

7.Eddy Current technology

8.Acoustic Emission

9. Thermograph

10.Replica Metallographic

  • What is Stress Corrosion cracking?

Stress corrosion cracking (SCC) is a process involving the initiation of cracks and their propagation, possibly up to complete failure of a component, due to the combined action of tensile mechanical loading and a corrosive medium.

  • What is meant by D2 Material used for Die tooling?

 

D2 – High Carbon Cold Work Tool Steel

D2 is a high Carbon, high Chromium, Molybdenum, Vanadium, Air hardening alloy tool steel which offers good wear resistance, high surface hardness, through hardening properties, dimensional stability and high resistance to tempering effect. D2 tool steel is also suitable for vacuum hardening.

Typical Composition

C.-1.50%

Si.-0.30%

Cr. -12.00%

Mo. -0.80%

V. -0.90%

  • What is Vacuum Induction Melting?

As the name suggests, the process involves melting of a metal under vacuum conditions. Electromagnetic induction is used as the energy source for melting the metal.

Induction melting works by inducing electrical eddy currents in the metal. The source is the induction coil which carries an alternating current. The eddy currents heat and eventually melt the charge