## Posted tagged ‘entropy’

### Latest Updates in Mechanical Engineering

September 25, 2011
• 1hp=how much rpm

We need Torque to find out.

Apply this formula:

T = HP x 5252
rpm

T = torque (in lb-ft)
HP = horsepower
5252 = constant
rpm = revolutions per minute

• which mechanism is used in automobile gearing system

Differential mechanism

• why different types of sound are produced in different bikes though they say run on SI engine

Engine specifications are different in different manufactures like as bore diameter(cc),ignition timing.Also the exhaust passage take more responsible for sound.

• why entropy decreases with the increase in temperature?

ds=dQ/T

Entropy is inversely proportional to the temperature so.as temp. increases,entropy decreases

• What type of metal is used in a propeller

Aluminium,stainless steel,magnesium bronze,NIBRAL(nickel,brass,aluminium)

• why involute curve used in gear

1) it’s smooth to drive the gear.
2) in gears contact is only point, this type is curve take the more load than normal one

• How Trains take turns, though there is no any differential

Purpose of the differential is to enable vehicles to take turn, by allowing both the wheel to rotate with different speed. This is required when wheels, like in car, are connected with same axle. Interestingly, wheel in trains are not connected with the axle, they are independent and hence can take turns without ant differential. This is same as how the bullock cart takes turns, without any differential.

• Why freezer in the fridge is placed in top level?

Because density of cold air is higher than warm air,hence itis placed at top.Cold air comes downward & cool the bottom part.

• what is more dangerous longitudinal stress or Hoop stress and why?

Hoop stress is more dangerous thanlongitudinal stress, because the dangerous area coming underthe hoop stress is circumferential,while in longitudinal,theaxial area will come under dangerous area will will be lessthan circumferential area.So the hoop stress is more dangerous than longitudinal stress

### MECHANICAL ENGG QUESTIONS

August 22, 2011

1. What is the importance of the Thermodynamics in the field of Mechanical Engineering?
All the mechanical engineering systems are studied with the help of thermodynamics. Hence it is very important for the mechanical engineers.

2. How many Laws of Thermodynamics are there?
There are three laws of the thermodynamics.

First Law: Energy can be neither created nor destroyed. It can only change forms.In any process in an isolated system, the total energy remains the same.

Second Law: When two isolated systems in separate but nearby regions of space, each in thermodynamic equilibrium in itself, but not in equilibrium with each other at first, are at some time allowed to interact, breaking the isolation that separates the two systems, and they exchange matter or energy, they will eventually reach a mutual thermodynamic equilibrium. The sum of the entropies of the initial, isolated systems is less than or equal to the entropy of the final exchanging systems. In the process of reaching a new thermodynamic equilibrium, entropy has increased, or at least has not decreased.

Third Law: As temperature approaches absolute zero, the entropy of a system approaches a minimum.

3. State Laws of conservation of energy?
According to the laws of conservation of energy, “energy can neither be created nor be destroyed. It can only be transformed from one form to another.”

4. Is the boiler a closed system?
Yes definitely the boiler is a closed system.

5. What is Carnot engine?
It was being designed by Carnot and let me tell you that Carnot engine is an imaginary engine which follows the Carnot cycle and provides 100% efficiency.

6. Which formula forms a link between the Thermodynamics and Electro chemistry?
Gibbs Helmholtz formula is the formula which forms the link between the thermodynamics and electromagnetism.

∆Hs/R = [∂ lnp /∂ (1/T)]x

where: x – mole fraction of CO2 in the liquid phase
p – CO2 partial pressure (kPa)
T – temperature (K)
R – universal gas constant
α – mole ratio in the liquid phase (mole CO2 per mole of amine)

7. Which is the hardest compound known?
Diamond.

8. What is Hess Law?
According to the Hess law the energy transfer is simply independent of the path being followed. If the reactant and the product of the whole process are the same then same amount of energy will be dissipated or absorbed.

9. Which has more efficiency: Diesel engine or Petrol engines?
Off course Diesel engine has the better efficiency out of two.

### INTERVIEW QUESTIONS:GERNAL:

August 22, 2011
• Explain the Second Law of Thermodynamics.
The entropy of the universe increases over time and moves towards a maximum value.

• How do you measure temperature in a Wet Bulb Thermometer?
Wet bulb temperature is measured in a wet bulb thermometer by covering the bulb with a wick and wetting it with water. It corresponds to the dew point temperature and relative humidity.

• What is Bending moment?
When a moment is applied to bend an element, a bending moment exists in the element

• What are the points in the Stress Strain curve for Steel?
Proportional limit, elastic limit or yield point, ultimate stress and stress at failure.

• Define Reynolds number.
Reynolds number is the ratio of inertial force and viscous force. It is a dimensionless number. It determines the type of fluid flow.

• What is a Newtonian fluid?
A Newtonian fluid possesses a linear stress strain relationship curve and it passes through the origin. The fluid properties of a Newtonian fluid do not change when any force acts upon it.

• How many Joules is 1 BTU?
1 BTU is equal to 1055.056 joules.

• What is PS?
PS is Pferdestarke, the German unit for Horsepower.

• Explain Otto cycle.
Otto cycle can be explained by a pressure volume relationship diagram. It shows the functioning cycle of a four stroke engine. The cycle starts with an intake stroke, closing the intake and moving to the compression stroke, starting of combustion, power stroke, heat exchange stroke where heat is rejected and the exhaust stroke. It was designed by Nicolas Otto, a German engineer.

• Explain the nomenclature of a 6203-ZZ bearing.
6 is the type code, which shows it is a single-row ball bearing, 2 is the series, means light, 03 is the bore, which is 17 mm and ZZ is the suffix meaning double shielded bearing.

• What is Gear ratio?
It is the ratio of the number of revolutions of the pinion gear to one revolution of the idler gear.

• What is Annealing?
It is a process of heating a material above the re-crystallization temperature and cooling after a specific time interval. This increases the hardness and strength if the material.

• Define Torque.
Torque is defined as a force applied to an object that results in rotational motion.

• What is Ductile-Brittle Transition Temperature?
It is the temperature below which the tendency of a material to fracture increases rather than forming. Below this temperature the material loses its ductility. It is also called Nil Ductility Temperature.